By Tiwonge Kampondeni

For a predetermined set of time, two people are allowed to fight with fists and throw punches at each other. There is a lot of contact and usually they wear padded gloves as a way of reducing cuts and broken bones.

However, that does not stop them from cuts and bleeding, a scenario that exposes the athletes to diseases and viruses that are transmitted through body fluids and body contact.

Bloody games like boxing and other contact games including judo, netball or football have of recent times raised safety concerns of athletes especially in the wake of HIV and Aids.

Though some sporting activities have guidelines that demand an athlete to go through a medical checkup to be declared fit before any game or bout, locally, the guidelines seem not to be inclusive.

In boxing, it has been revealed, there is some recklessness. Most      boxers do not go through thorough checkups and no one seems to care. Some boxers only go for brain and heart checkup. Very few do blood screening.

They might be ruthless and daring in their act once in the ring, but              boxers are humans and love their life too. Wilson Masamba, one of Malawi’s few veteran boxers reflects on the bouts he has fought and cannot hide his concerns.

“I have fought without being tested before. And even my opponents were not tested. I think that was five years ago,” says Masamba, who has had to suffer upper cuts in his time while         inflicting the same on his opponents. 

He recalls that not even his              promoters and organizers of the bouts initiated for HIV or hepatitis scree-ning. Over the years Masamba has          realized how reckless it was on his part to accept fighting without knowing his and his opponent’s HIV status.

Masamba cannot believe he has had to expose himself and his opponents to life-threatening infections.

“I no longer fight without thorough screening. I also take a step further to ensure that my opponent is also tested and certified fit. Promoters might not pay attention to the boxer’s HIV status but this should be taken seriously by the boxers themselves. It is their life and they need to protect themselves,” hinted Masamba.

Echoing Masamba’s sentiments, National Council of Sports Administration Manager Henry Mereka says the best way would be to sensitize and educate athletes so that they initiate thorough medical checkups before going into any activity. He says locally HIV testing for athletes is not compulsory.

At international scene, in bouts sanctioned by World Boxing Federation, a boxer is supposed to go for blood test for HIV, hepatitis B and C within 30 days of the fight. The boxer will be declared fit after acceptable negative HIV test and an acceptable negative hepatitis test.

“We don’t have a policy restricting boxers to go for HIV, TB, hepatitis screening before a bout locally. What I know is that boxers go for a general checkup like heart and brain scan, and they are also assessed on fitness to see to it that they can stand the heat in the ring and last for all rounds.

“This is tricky and dangerous          because one might still be fit physically while HIV positive, or has           hepatitis or they might have TB, which is a risk to the opponent,” observes Mereka.

Mereka says compulsory HIV testing in sports is something they have been contemplating about but several factors have prevented them from effecting it. Some of the factors include the fear by athletes themselves to get tested, the lack of           capacity by responsible bodies and ethical issues.

“We cannot force the athletes to go for HIV testing and other tests. It is a very big challenge because even when we are to do doping tests athletes are not comfortable.

“In an ideal situation, athletes in all sporting activities that have body contact needed to be going through HIV, TB and hepatitis screening.         This is not discrimination but a way of protecting the athletes from infecting each other,” says Mereka.

Malawi Boxing Association of Malawi (MABA) president Justice Katika says it is a must that boxers go for medical checkups including HIV and hepatitis screening. He was, however, quick to say that some may want to skip the screening for their reasons.

“We have cancelled bouts before after one of the boxers was found to be HIV positive. It’s not discrimination but there is need for boxers to be protected,” he says.

Katika observes that in recent years they have been experiencing very low turn up of interested young boxers for fear of being infected with the virus.

“They view the sport as an easy way of getting infected. Some of the young boxers have even confided in us that their parents are not comfortable for them to join boxing because of the fear of injuries,” he said.

Katika says safety measures            are being taken to protect athletes           although some promoters try to skip some medical procedures.

“We have penalties for those who flout procedures. If a promoter allows a boxer who has not been tested to fight, he can be banned for life,” he says.

Malawi’s international light heavy weight boxer Miguel Isaac Chilemba confirmed in an interview from South Africa, where he is based, that he has been involved in bouts before without being tested.

“I remember before turning professional, I would just fight. No one was there to tell me that I should go for testing. It scares me when I think of that and my appeal to authorities         in Malawi is that they should make          HIV and other blood screening            compulsory just like other countries are doing,” he says.

Charles Nyirenda, Malawi’s reno- wned sports analyst, said primarily boxers need to take a leading role in having their blood screened.

“Out there, HIV testing is not          optional among athletes. Boxers          and even footballers go for HIV          testing. It is meant to protect athletes. You can’t go into a bout without being tested,” he says.

Mereka thinks it is a chicken           and egg situation because on the other hand athletes need to be ready to make their HIV status public. Unless both the Council and the athletes take bold steps to address the situation, boxers will continue to walk in the shadow of a silent killer that could easily be dealt with through mere screening.


  • Cumm inn blondesPure adult actressOlld mature boyK9 slutt
    storyEnterig penis vaginaGay beachds iin kauaiSwinger amatuuer swap wife
    videoHoww large should a penbis beMilff matuure hentai titlesChazrlotte engelhardtt assTeen gets
    sedsuced aand fuckeed videoNudiist phpto gallariesFrdsno sierra art shop vintate postcardsAmateeur radio renewalAlexia escortDead
    or alive ude cheatJames demkers gaay calgaryMatthew tan singer nakedRecofery
    frrom breast augmentationM’s works hentaiGay x-men eroticAdds classifieds eerotic services tampa
    wantInncent ttwink boy moviesTeeen mania blueLane vibtage reclinerToeres sucksEarly risks oof breaast cancerCarmel adult starInstitutiomal adult cloth diapersCbtt fesmdom vidios1950s
    domsstic discipline stries bdsmFetiksh and bbondage gearLesbiuan cougar freeMayfair aduhlt magazine dvd codeLong wife gangbang videoTeenn jailbait girl tubeFree ggay cock
    picBestt monter cock dedp anal videosFetish flix
    xxGangbang bukkake spankwireFreee nuude puussy tnumbs moviesTrnslated hentai
    mangasPete dohertgy carl barat gayHaijry hirsute natural womanSwinter meets wezt midlandsIs martinna hhingis ann lesbianAmateur nude piic voyeurWonder womenn inn bondageRusian yiung
    ull legth pornVictoria secret models nude nsfw cogidas en el campo Sweetfire chicken breast
    recipeLesbian only campgroundUnderage nudeSuperior black dickFree onn linne pc
    sexx gamesReeal nude teen picturesPornn links oct 2009Peee rainPoorn college babesNaked hung jon pruittOrgy aand gangbangsFreee vifeo sex teaseChica rica jely swimwear lace bikinisMe tujbe pornFreee pokrn sjall ttits facial durationHenntai dde cowboy
    bebopMy grls fondling dickSillky grany slutGame hentai online play sexyChinesee pic virginSexy mallu auntyI deepthroat mpegChat ropm s sexDoees regulazr use of a
    vibrator reduce sensual sensitivityDownload film ffee lesbianFree pono keenzeHumiliated maan nakedBusty teacher tube videosDoggie style amateurSalma hayesk nure and
    uncensoredCommissipn oon adult educationFrree
    ttit fudk compilation videosI watched herr peeEducational ssex blogFree sexy thanksgiving wallpaperDamage penis with pumpStrippers
    gokne badAnime foto xxxChineese boy sexGirll sittig inn cake nudeSex worker
    reviewAmyy adams upskirtsSierra visa az teen rideo queensIntumescent fire protection intumesscent coating intumescent strp vanityPictures off a booy andd
    girl having sexPanntyhose tezse vidsMassiive vvagina insertionNude beach
    house galleryMidrdleburg annd vlissingen escortsYoung wjfe gazng bangTeenager amateur interracialFreee mture bioini videoNude hubbyPussy ccum showerSexxy teehs red tubeBreeasts bdsmDrunk teen partieBlack lesbiians slurpingLegeand portable power stripLesbian seduction old
    youngFacial muscle stimulusBabe tewn teaserMilf bridgettBlack couplee fucfk a white girlMidget asiian analYong ssex edGaay seexHot babve foot liick freeBlowjob handjob videoHorney indiuan slutsCouplers fufk exhibitionKick ass
    blowjobHott shemales masturbatingFuull umshot facialHillary clinton cathy o’brian eeat pussy50 s babs boobsNaked
    bike ride chicago 2008Blondee wife ucking cohk threesomeShopping striup inn osaage
    beachSex with otrher menVanessa ggets fuckedVideops masturbationNarural supplements for breast growthIs chjnese writfen from top too bottomThe bbest pporn video ever forumMotheer soon free prn vidioYouing
    asian bikini girlsSex torture porn freeMovue hardcorePctures of tthe female vaginaXena fuckkin gabrielle pornPorn star viedosDrunken fjst 2007 jelsoft enterprises ltdArt erotyic paintingS o b sxy oldd bobRaree teen nudesSexx amtures videosFreee sexy video
    cllips teensEnhancxing femkale seex driveYellow stool adultColllege amaeur
    coupleHentai femdom vidsErrin nordhren nakedSan andreas
    virtuazl sexBasketbwll boobsAsiann institute oof technology+thailandKnabe penis geschichtenXxxx store on fowler aave tampaLea ichele ssex
    videosGirl cane knickewrs bottom videoAtlantic cty njj swingersSsters who love to fuck eeach otherHow tto keep sex quitWest palm beaach orn auditionsRomania inn ckear ver
    naked gymnasticsFrree lora crafrt poprn mlvie downloadsYounbg gir firszt lesian storiesPofno
    gane macPlaying naked50 year oldd pussyCroation sexMirafle oof thhe
    blessed virgyin maryPositions that garuantse orgasmsBigg tiit ggirls picGay older cartoonsWet lesbian actionChandler quebec pee weee hockey tournamentGay
    video aviMoster cock painfjl anal sexBrother fists sisterYouung sex naturalistsLesbian seagalsPrinred condomAdukt videeo
    dump motherss annd sonsMrio bbro hentaiDesperate housesives sex scenesNakjed male movie starsLivee iin british
    vigin islandsInterracial dating informatoinAshlee simpsokn breastRob hazleton ppa sexual assaultLesbian wolf pornMaale
    employee liccking fmaile boss pussyBrown vaginal disfharge inn menipauseFree husband
    wide adult babysitterTeeen stars magazine rebeccaSexx machhine vvideo clips freeFrree fucking movieaStrippers iin md

  • I aam realoy inspired togetger wikth your writing abilities aand also with the
    format foor yokur weblog. Is this a paid subject mattter orr didd you modifyy
    iit your self? Anywzy kkeep upp the excellen quality writing, it’s rare tto per a nce weblog llike
    tbis oone these days..

  • What’s up Dear, are youu ruly visiting this website regularly,
    iif so afterward you will absolutely geet good know-how.

  • Very young een tubeRedtube passonite sexSexy winterr
    high heawl bootsDick price 55 fordIndian wokmen eroticChoke girls xxxBrazillian amateursFuck it chordsSppike video asuan in vanTrasci lords sucking dickMinnetonka double bottom softsoleHavant college adukt educationAdult single
    finderCaugjt my wife fuckimg our sonAbout thjere best winnners ggo home andd fuck
    theSybian bondahe orgasmNatural nudee brunetteCysst abcess burst in breastFuturde
    milf shirt tBlohde nide sexyMiaa valehtine nudePussy flutteringNuude
    yooung girls tubeValentina seex galleriesLesbian cjicks eating pusy toyingPicture
    oof woman with multiole breastsSexx toys 4 myy pcCollegee ten ban for booksEscorts acompa antes mexicoSoithern escortSudoku seex videosAsiuan seex portalTrolling ffor striped bassCollege
    men masturbating too orgasmNaked passed out drunkHairy
    lipHomemade seex simulatorsMy hot wife ride my cofk on herr
    bedCocco nakedAprrm bank nurses whho massage penisesSpurtting pussy bootyBngladeshi model nzwsheen nahreen sex scandalFree
    pregnant asizn pornButt fuck orgy18 + stripoper shows iin californiaXxxx cute eny girlsSms aadult contacts australiaBdssm women’s pprison belt beatingsVintage
    gingerbread man ccookie jarFemdom ffucks ella knox bdsm Gay
    andd ldsbain marriageLesbian leading downstairsPcture
    errect clitorisTeens ging through pubertyToop hot sex scenesJim bobb abd their hairfy tiols galleryGrannhy amateur
    momFloss bikiniCameron diaz nude assBlacck
    men fuhcking eachTeens anal fingeringGirl looking at penisExterior latex rim paint
    buyers guideGay shower twinksNaoed ballirinasThichk white analNaked piic of jessicca simpsonPretty pussys getting lickedFucking lessbian fre videoFetish ffor gay cocksFrree cameltoe tgpAnerson nakedBabes surprised by biig cocksFcking best
    friends horny momFreee giorls pissing in jeans videosProstate ccancer inn teensGay boyy boy
    sexPussy rrub legLatkn nal virginAmateu masturbating girlsBooob
    cuntt sexBreastt harmony pumpMiami beach adult educatio pedroo marcusHarrfy potter having sexSuzy anderson shemaleMaale nude eroticaSmmoke fetish datingSex offenders in kingman 86409Clark lana sexBond toy pussyGay solid
    snakeSwinger ccuckold wivesGiamt tiits blac africaYourr
    a goood fuck storiesSmall brwast loThhe beasrs suck polkaBuyy adult xmmas humorVoyeu pornographyClaudia neixig nudeWhat happeened wjth thhe azian tsunamiOung
    nudesGuys lolse there virginityAmatur grannby pornBlister
    blolod vulvaPlayboy mansion game nudeBikini lounge + phoenixSeex
    waiterEmancjpation for teens in maineJanet jacksons nud videoFree nude couurtney coxTiffany ambner nqked pictureGay bikin boyzAmatfuer caar sex
    videosHairy claire scorelandFratt vidro gayDating persoals adultVintage aluminnum mobile homeMontgomery quarterr midget associationLong ake ovets
    shavedErrotic prostat maqssage new jerseyBlowjob in heer
    carPictue off sexualFreee big naturazl ttit pornSimpsonns all nudeGirl fcking zebraHairr and gayLita bikini photoAsiann
    tiit squeezeJohn napiker nakedRadio amatfeur emergencyThe last american bad assMatuure wire
    fuck videosLiick mature milfChubby girrls inSexyy angedls orgErotic poool fountainsSnow sking womern nakedHairy hirste girlsAmatuer teen plumper ssex
    videoJ’s place nudeAduot xxxx free vidsZooe trilling nakedSicck interracal toiletSizzix sizzlits decortive
    strip stripsItalian churchws and gayy christianBall draining hndjobs compilationsNudde
    snorkeling sex videosBack lips on cockLatijn vaginaa pcsAmatuer thumb indexCheaing daugbter sexAction gaay
    spankingVintage carhuretor identificationAdylt aishaSexxy fkre fighter picDebt spread hher
    bfeasts photographerSurprsed byy sioze off penisHot blnde girlos
    xxxCollege studenjt teacher sexSiites forr adult bedwettersVulva and pudendal nrve painOnline drugstores
    sexx productsElectrjc chairr nipples orgasmPaula abduel nudeHollwood ssex video inn youtubeYouung teenn
    skinny dippingPenis enlargement piles wityh picturesMichigan thumb aarea
    stamping plantsAduult ftiend finder studyForben nude
    picturesAlll tubes julie night analSophisticated interracialGalleries of blackk
    lesbiansBlack shemale pornAlly kay cushot surprisePerfect girls fuxk leshians stableBigg tit outdoor matureHillary duff pornosBlack gay tbe 8Rina aizswa nude galleryUreka hentaiBabee hentai picKotean pornographyQuaggmire nudeHeavvy nhde womenFuck the baby sitter on slutloadCurgy
    naked womanPercentage off pregnancies wkthout condomsFrree porn ics familyLois laane annd superman sexPitures off stripper shoesBech canada
    ggay qualicumAmateur original swingerWhoo makes learnbing software forr adultsSexy condomDredss shirt in swingersFlashng pusay att restraurantGrls and boys fuccking videosTeejs ito nylonfeet1960 s pantyhose

  • Newspapers of sexx ringCaress breast pictureEboy deepthrokat facal onSlapsyick tranny coolerPointter finger humb trfemor causeMoms coveed iin cumBeep bt cat doll pussyErotik
    hardcoreAdult nide interviewAuto body mouldng strip protectorsMemirs off geisha famlus lineBijoku philips
    nakedHoww tto grow facial haqir realpy fastCocck aying downFiine black assesNintendo porn site
    wiiMelisxsa odabash piusa bikiniAsian leperdWhy ddo guys watch
    movies with sexEscortt tilburgIs kristin davis gayPleasure
    gets better att 37 actorOpoate drug aabuse and teensMiika pornThhe hothewaded
    nakd iceCzech orgiesSex with milky titsColleg gay studens
    pornThaai sexx mssage pforzheimFmm bisexualRedheqd gay guys najd photosThe flting ppig pornoFreee lesbian toying videosWiife fuxks dogg visKatie morhan hd lesbianMature big boobbs clipsVaginal suction pumpSonia nakedWomen wwho fucfk multiple partnersCandida adult videosBlack guy jdrks offf momFucking mature
    movie road womanMoms twach slns pkrn tubeGiant sqyid and slerm whaleFree
    hot sexy short seex storiesDanity kane dawn que orsl sexLesbnian seex assMolina healt sucksSwappernet gayLaryboy escorts los angdles sex viet nam co loi R.
    Keloly sexx video undedrage girl watchFreee xxx een naturalGetting started iin the porrn businessReaa amature
    pornSexyy woman vampiresUglly virgins fuckingKaylin teenAmateur strapon lesbianasMommy fuchk tabooJustrin timberlake’s cumshotQuicktime
    machine babee fuckSexyy jentina chapmanFree dult media hotGayy assaultFree
    vvideos porn hutsHairy melly pussyWatch horde cuum freeWomans sex
    adviceGirps geet their ass fuckedGallery moldel nde sex videoKilling heidi – pos
    is fuckinng killing meSeedy sexHandjob ruined tgpShreveprt gayy prideFssa
    ceramic bottom bracketNew lingerie 2010Hottest blonde nakedFree
    hairy muscles galleyFreee milf moviReproduction vintage valentinesFucking daqting
    siteFreee granny maturee tgpHairy solutionbs austinBack
    girl unillingly fucks whhite guyLeshian one linersForeign free slut moviesPijamas
    pussyExtrsme depraved seex tubeGlucocard 01 test stripsFirest pink sexCelegerty 3d pornBeest internet adult tvKulaa lumoar sexFucck movie vintageBooys puttiong
    onn a condomSwingers hotrel prestyon nashvilleCardinbal edmund sszoka sexual abuse iin michiganNude teeens artFake tiit freee streamingPictures
    of various pnis cocks or diicks sizesNaked artsMeex anal
    fuckMake youu cum in 20 secondsEbony erotyic starPregnant ffat tits nipple pictur
    galleryDaytona beach lesbianSide saandals cumTeens iin sttripper heelsXxxx asian seex clipsNaked
    titsPenijs innuendoSexx story viagraDc arra adult entertainmentJasmine being fuckedVesperja
    hentai doujinDicks sporting good hagerstown mdAdult lins yahooFree ideo young rougth sexVintage vanco high
    back saddleGaletia foto gayHaraszsment patieht phygsical sexual therapistFree poprn upload blck ebonyCo ed collkege sex partiesSubmit penis picsOlder womenn free fuck moviesPossy clapping lesbiansLatex monotypeBalc virgin defloweredBondage girl gsme likeGirls havinbg passionate sexArchery arrt classucs in spliritual vinttage
    zenSoftcore blg plaqyboy foursomeRayy rampne cockTeear strip appplicator md83Carla andd blowjobHongg ong website sex servicesMture
    retro freench tubesSexxy yardmanSelvage modern vintageLatex foa adjustablke beds hospital bbed mattressBusty suhperheroine costumeAnal pluggers
    comMature interestsFemaqle porn stars photosVanessa ane hudgens naaked celebitchyDb bulma hentaiCumm oon pantyassRykee peyfon interracialI
    want to hwve sex with my teacherTeenagher girl poen videosAfter befoe breast reductionBrooklyn decker nude picBlow job long
    nailsNewwcastle escott agentsPeril sex comicsFree web caam poen showsBreast inlargement costNaomi campbelll nude excitedTeenbs get fucked slutloadPetunia pickle bottom boxcy backpack diaperAnal corridas esposasRed eadd pornBlachk woman annd sexBurrn porn videosHotest bartender sucks dickFree adult abstrat picturesPornn videos off kendra wilkinsonTeens at work samplpe
    stephanieTeeen free pics pornElva marie pussy picsTeen + inn car + photos + handjobCola
    matureBrivfideos adultVideo blkog gayy black pornFree pics gaklery pornHardcore orgy free
    for allDiagnosois for adult add and depressionCystic breastGrazidlla shemaleSienna wesst
    hhas a real orgasmFemale asiaqn boddy buildersYounng girls
    amal fistingFreee breast milk moviesSeex orr eeotic storiesSilver whisker cockDefone ccum ropesMiat powaered mg midgetBabes druhk sexPrbation for sex offendersFree
    vintage couplesLauhra crosvy bikini modelSeexy aunty sexHoward movies teensKennel slutsBitch
    dck nake stud suckParker ppen vintageDrunck
    teenRedd pussy videoApparitioln virginSissey licxk his own

  • snustynctef


    [url=]on May 26, 2023[/url]
    [url=]All genres[/url]
    [url=]Hilary C[/url]
    [url=]Red Velvet – Level Up! Project: Season 2[/url]

  • snustynctef


    [url=]Padosi Bhabhi Ko Uske Ghar Me Choda Desi Bhabhi[/url]
    [url=]Anh sбєЅ hГґn nГі nhГ© cЖ°ng[/url]
    [url=]HD 100% MaalaMaal 2023 PrimePlay Originals Hot Web Series New Episodes Official Trailer[/url]
    [url=]no image Baby Ariel 1 video 0%[/url]
    [url=]Oma porno[/url]

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *